Kamis, 17 April 2014

Paasive Voice



PASSIVE VOICE

Pengertian Passive Voice adalah suatu grammatical construction (bentuk gramatikal) dimana subject pada sentence (kalimat) atau clause (klausa) tidak melakukan aksi, melainkan menerima aksi atau ditindaklanjuti (receiver of action) oleh agent lain (doer of action) baik disebutkan ataupun tidak.
Sebaliknya, konstruksi active, subject pada sentence atau clause berhubungan langsung dengan verb dengan bertindak sebagai pelaku aksi. Kalimat aktif dapat ditransformasi menjadi pasif, namun hanya transitive verb yang dapat diberlakukan demikian.

Rounded Rectangle: FORM : SUBJECT + BE + THE PAST PARTICIPLE(V3)Rumus Passive Voice itu sendiri adalah sebagai berikut di bawah ini :


Be dalam kalimat pasif menentukan jenis Tense dari kalimat tersebut.
The present tense (am, is, are)
The past tense (was, were)
Infinitive (be)
-ing form ( being )
The past participle (been)

Rumus Pola Aktif-Pasif Untuk Semua Tenses

Tenses
Active
Passive
Simple Present
Simple Past
S + V1
S + V2
S + am/is/are + V3
S + was/were + V3
Present Continous
Present Perfect Continous
Past Continous
Past Perfect Continous
Future Continous
Future Perfect Continous
Past Future Continous
Past Future Perfect Continous
S + am/is/are + V-ing
S + have/has + been + V-ing
S + was/were + V-ing
S + had + been + V-ing
S + will/shall + be + V-ing
S + will + have + V-ing
S + would + be + V-ing
S + would + have + been + V-ing
S + am/is/are + being +V3
S + have/has + been + being + V3
S + was/were + being + V3
S + had + been + being + V3
S + will/shall + be + being + V3
S + will + have + been + being + V3
S + would + be + being + V3
S + would + have + been + being + V3
Simple Perfect
Past Perfect
S + have/has + V3
S + had + V3
S + have/has + been + V3
S + had + been + V3
Simple Future
Past Future
Modal (present)
Modal (past)
S + will/shall + V1
S + would/should + V1
S + may/can/must + V1
S + might/could/had to + V1
S + will/shall + be + V3
S + would/should + be + V3
S + may/can/must + be + V3
S + might/could/had to + be + V3

Contoh Kalimat :
a.       Present :
1.       Active         : He is meeting them now
Passive      : They are being met by him now
2.       Active         : She is watering this plant now
Passive      : This plant is being watered by her now
3.       Active         : He has been meeting them
Passive      : They have been being met by him
4.       Active         : She has been watering this plant
Passive      : This plant has been being watered by her
5.       Active         : He meets them everyday
Passive      : They are met by him everyday
6.       Active         : She waters this plant every two days
Passive      : This plant is watered by her every two days
7.       Active         : He has met them
Passive      : They have been met by him
8.       Active         : She has watered this plant for 5 minutes
Passive      : This plant has been watered by her for 5 minutes
9.       Active         : Siti Zuleha reads a biology book
Passive      : A biology book is read by Siti Zuleha

b.       Past Tense :
1.       Active         : He met them yesterday
Passive      : They were met by him yesterday
2.       Active         : She watered this plant this morning
Passive      : This plant was watered by her this morning
3.       Active         : He had met them before I came
Passive      : They had been met by him before I came
4.       Active         : She had watered this plant for 5 minutes when I got here
Passive      : This plant had been watered by her for 5 minutes when I got here
5.       Active         : He would have met them
Passive      : They would have been met by him
6.       Active         : She would have watered this plant
Passive      : This plant would have been watered by her
7.       Active         : He was meeting them
Passive      : They were being met by him
8.       Active         : She was watering this plant
Passive      : This plant was being watered by her
9.       Active         : He had been meeting them
Passive      : They had been being met by him
10.   Active         : She had been watering this plant
Passive      : This plant had been being watered by her

c.       Future Tense :
1.       Active         : He will be meeting them
Passive      : They will be being watered by her
2.       Active         : She will be watering this plant
Passive      : This plant will be being watered by her
3.       Active         : He will have been meeting them
Passive      : They will have been being met by him
4.       Active         : She will have been watering this plant
Passive      : This plant will have been being watered by her
5.       Active         : He would be meeting them
Passive      : They would be being met by him
6.       Active         : She would be watering this plant
Passive      : This plant would be being watered by her
7.       Active         : He would be meeting them
Passive      : They would be being met by him
8.       Active         : She would be watering this plant
Passive      : This plant would be being watered by her.



Lucky Indah C (14210065)

Sumber : www.google.com

Kamis, 20 Maret 2014

Conditional Sentence

Conditional sentence ialah complex sentence yang terdiri dari dependent clause yang diawali dengan subordinate conjunction ”if” berupa condition (syarat) dan independent clause berupa result/consequence (hasil) dari condition-nya. Penjelasan lebih lengkap dapat dilihat di pendahuluan conditional sentence.
Pengertian Zero Conditional
Zero conditional adalah conditional sentence yang digunakan ketika result / consequence(hasil) dari condition (syarat) selalu terwujud karena merupakan scientific fact (kebenaran ilmiah) atau general truth (kebenaran umum) yang merupakan habitual activity(kebiasaan). Bagian dependent clause (if+clause) dapat diawali oleh kata “if” atau “when “.
Rumus Zero Conditional
Rumus zero conditional adalah sebagai berikut.
if/when + condition, result/consequence
if/when + simple present, simple present
atau rumus zero conditional tanpa koma:
result/consequence + if/when + condition
simple present + if/when + simple present

Pengertian Conditional Sentence Type 1
Conditional sentence type 1 (1st conditional) adalah conditional sentence yang digunakan ketika result/consequence (hasil) dari condition (syarat) memiliki kemungkinan untuk terwujud di masa depan karena condition-nya realistik untuk dipenuhi. 
Rumus Conditional Sentence Type 1
Rumus conditional sentence type 1 dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut di bawah ini.
if + condition, result/consequence
atau tanpa menggunakan koma:
result/consequence + if + condition
(will + bare infinitive) /  imperative + if + simple present
For example :  -  I will send her an invitation if I find her address.

Conditional sentence type 2 adalah conditional sentence yang digunakan ketika result / consequence (hasil) dari condition (syarat) tidak memiliki atau hanya sedikitkemungkinan untuk terwujud karena condition-nya tidak mungkin dipenuhi dimasa sekarang (present unreal situation) atau condition-nya sulit untuk dipenuhi di masa depan (unlikely to happen).
Rumus Conditional SentenceType 2
Berikut rumus conditional sentence type 2.
if + condition, result/consequence
if + simple past, would/could/might + bare infinitive
atau tanpa menggunakan comma (koma):
result/consequence + if + condition
would/could/might + bare infinitive + if + simple past

For example : -  If I found her address, I would send her an invitation.

 

Pengertian Conditional Sentence Type 3
Conditional sentence type 3 adalah  yang digunakan ketika result / consequence (hasil) dari condition (syarat) tidak ada kemungkinan untuk terwujud karena condition-nya harus sudah dipenuhi di masa lalu.
Rumus Conditional Sentence Type 3
Rumus conditional sentence type 3 menggunakan past tense dimana membicarakan sesuatu yang tidak terjadi di masa lampau.
if + condition, result/consequence
if + past perfect, would/should/could/might have + past participle
atau tanpa menggunakan tanda baca koma:
result/consequence + if + condition
would/should/could/might have + past participle + if + past perfect

For example : -  If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation.




Sumber : www.google.com